21 July 2017
The Institution

The Hellenic Parliament consists of 300 MPs elected in the same general election every four years unless Parliament is dissolved earlier. The interval between two elections is a ‘parliamentary term’ (composition of the Parliament for the current 15th Term)

During a parliamentary term the Parliament (Plenum) is convened in regular Session every year on the first Monday of October for at least five months. Upon the end of the Session, usually in the summer months and until the next Session, part of the Legislative Function and of the Parliamentary Control is exercised by the compositions of the Recess Section (more information)

The Legislative Function i.e. voting of Bills and Law Proposals and the exercise of Parliamentary Control over the Government, are the core Parliament activities.

The legislative initiative belongs to the government, through one or more of its ministers, and to the MPs individually or as a group. Ministers introduce Bills (draft laws), amendments and additions while MPs introduce Law Proposals, amendments and additions under the conditions laid down by the Constitution (more information)

The Government is submitted to Parliamentary control according to the Constitution, following the procedure set out in the Parliament’s Standing Orders. The Government must enjoy the confidence of the Parliament. Each new Government, after a general election or after the previous government’s resignation, has to appear before Parliament and ask for a vote of confidence (more information)

The Plenum decides by an absolute majority of the MPs who are present. It cannot be less thwn ¼ (75 MPs) of the total number of MPs (300). The Greek Constitution and the Parliament’s Standing Orders provide for the cases that require special or qualified majority voting (more information)